Jurassic ichthyosaurs divided food resources to co-exist, researchers find

Journal Reference: Sarah Jamison‐Todd, Benjamin C. Moon, Andre J. Rowe, Matt Williams, Michael J. Benton. Dietary niche partitioning in Early Jurassic ichthyosaurs from Strawberry Bank. Journal of Anatomy, 2022; DOI: 10.1111/joa.13744 Their findings, published today in Journal of Anatomy, suggest that physical differences in their snouts show they evolved to have different diets and were … Read more

Social support promotes rehab participation in mice after spinal cord injury

Journal Reference: Haven I. Rodocker, Arman Bordbar, Molly J. E. Larson, Rebecca G. Biltz, Lynde Wangler, Paolo Fadda, Jonathan P. Godbout, Andrea Tedeschi. Breaking Mental Barriers Promotes Recovery After Spinal Cord Injury. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 2022; 15 DOI: 10.3389/fnmol.2022.868563 Researchers observed that in mice with spinal cord injury (SCI), those treated with gabapentin routinely … Read more

Revealing the genome of the common ancestor of all mammals

Journal Reference: Joana Damas, Marco Corbo, Jaebum Kim, Jason Turner-Maier, Marta Farré, Denis M. Larkin, Oliver A. Ryder, Cynthia Steiner, Marlys L. Houck, Shaune Hall, Lily Shiue, Stephen Thomas, Thomas Swale, Mark Daly, Jonas Korlach, Marcela Uliano-Silva, Camila J. Mazzoni, Bruce W. Birren, Diane P. Genereux, Jeremy Johnson, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Elinor K. Karlsson, Martin T. … Read more

Exquisitely thin membranes can slash energy spent refining crude oil into fuel and plastic

Journal References: Siyao Li, Ruijiao Dong, Valentina-Elena Musteata, Jihoon Kim, Neel D. Rangnekar, J. R. Johnson, Bennett D. Marshall, Stefan Chisca, Jia Xu, Scott Hoy, Benjamin A. McCool, Suzana P. Nunes, Zhiwei Jiang, Andrew G. Livingston. Hydrophobic polyamide nanofilms provide rapid transport for crude oil separation. Science, 2022; 377 (6614): 1555 DOI: 10.1126/science.abq0598 Zhiwei Jiang, … Read more

The road to future AI is paved with trust

“The development of artificial intelligence is in its infancy. When we look back at what we are doing today in 50 years, we will find it pretty primitive. In other words, most of the field remains to be discovered. That’s why it’s important to lay the foundation of trustworthy AI now,” says Fredrik Heintz, professor … Read more

Scientists propose that obesity is a neurodevelopmental disorder

Journal Reference: Harry MacKay, Chathura J. Gunasekara, Kit-Yi Yam, Dollada Srisai, Hari Krishna Yalamanchili, Yumei Li, Rui Chen, Cristian Coarfa, Robert A. Waterland. Sex-specific epigenetic development in the mouse hypothalamic arcuate nucleus pinpoints human genomic regions associated with body mass index. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (39) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abo3991 The team reports in the journal Science … Read more

Sniffing out the brain’s smelling power

Journal Reference: Honggoo Chae, Arkarup Banerjee, Marie Dussauze, Dinu F. Albeanu. Long-range functional loops in the mouse olfactory system and their roles in computing odor identity. Neuron, 2022; DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2022.09.005 CSHL Associate Professor Florin Albeanu and Assistant Professor Arkarup Banerjee discovered tufted cells are better at recognizing smells than mitral cells. They’ve found tufted cells … Read more

Exploring Jupiter’s moon, Europa, possible with silicon-germanium transistor technology

Regents’ Professor John D. Cressler in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) and his students have been working with silicon-germanium heterojunction bipolar transistors (SiGe HBTs) for decades and have found them to have unique advantages in extreme environments like Europa. “Due to the way that they’re made, these devices actually survive those extreme … Read more

Milky Way’s graveyard of dead stars found

Journal Reference: David Sweeney, Peter Tuthill, Sanjib Sharma, Ryosuke Hirai. The Galactic underworld: The spatial distribution of compact remnants. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2022; DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac2092 “These compact remnants of dead stars show a fundamentally different distribution and structure to the visible galaxy,” said David Sweeney, a PhD student at the Sydney … Read more

Research finds link between poor well being, low breast milk production

Journal Reference: Laurie A. Nommsen-Rivers, Erin A. Wagner, Dayna M. Roznowski, Sarah W. Riddle, Laura P. Ward, Amy Thompson. Measures of Maternal Metabolic Health as Predictors of Severely Low Milk Production. Breastfeeding Medicine, 2022; 17 (7): 566 DOI: 10.1089/bfm.2021.0292 “We wanted to see if we could understand what stands out as different in these moms. … Read more